Spanish Agreement of Adjectives

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As a professional, it is important to understand the nuances of the grammar rules in the target language. One such rule in Spanish is the agreement of adjectives with the nouns they modify.

Adjectives are used to describe or modify nouns in a sentence. In Spanish, these adjectives must agree in gender and number with the noun they are describing. Let`s look at some examples:

1. El coche rojo (The red car) – In this example, the adjective “rojo” agrees with the masculine singular noun “coche.”

2. La casa blanca (The white house) – In this example, the adjective “blanca” agrees with the feminine singular noun “casa.”

3. Los perros negros (The black dogs) – In this example, the adjective “negros” agrees with the masculine plural noun “perros.”

4. Las mesas pequeñas (The small tables) – In this example, the adjective “pequeñas” agrees with the feminine plural noun “mesas.”

As you can see, the agreement of adjectives in Spanish requires attention to both gender and number. Singular nouns require singular adjectives, and plural nouns require plural adjectives. Similarly, masculine nouns require masculine adjectives, and feminine nouns require feminine adjectives.

However, there are a few exceptions to this rule. Adjectives that end in “-e” remain the same for both masculine and feminine nouns. For example, “inteligente” means “intelligent” and can be used for both masculine and feminine nouns.

In addition, some adjectives have irregular forms. For example, “bueno” (good) changes to “buen” before a masculine singular noun. “Grande” (big) changes to “gran” before a masculine singular noun that begins with a consonant.

As a professional, understanding the agreement of adjectives in Spanish is essential when translating or creating content in this language. By ensuring that adjectives agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify, your writing will be clear, accurate, and grammatically correct.